China & World Economy / 22–44, Vol. 25, No. 2, 2017
Renminbi Internationalization in the New Normal: Progress,
Determinants and Policy Discussions
Cheng Li, Xiaojing Zhang
In the present paper we explore the internationalization of the renminbi with reference to the experiences of other monetary powers, and discuss its determinants, prospects and implications for China’s development in the “new normal.” Specifically, after summarizing the major progress made thus far, we conduct a regression analysis, showing that economic size and financial conditions are significant determinants of the international currency status, while inertia and other unobserved factors also play important roles. These empirical findings enable us to undertake a scenario analysis focusing on the renminbi’s potential to become a global reserve currency. Based on this quantitative research, we then revisit China’s policy initiatives designed to promote its currency overseas. In our view, the internationalization of the renminbi, along with financial deepening and liberalization, should be regarded as a means to achieve China’s goal of reaching a more sustainable and balanced model of development.
Key words: financial development, international currency, panel data, renminbi
JEL codes: F33, G15, O16