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Trade Destruction and Trade Diversion: Evidence from China Piyush Chandra
2017-05-10 14:58:00

China & World Economy / 31–59, Vol. 25, No. 3, 2017


Trade Destruction and Trade Diversion: Evidence from China
Piyush Chandra*


Abstract

Over the past three decades, we have seen a dramatic increase in the incidence of temporary trade barriers such as antidumping duties and countervailing duties. China has been at the receiving end of a large number of such measures. In this paper, we study how China’s exports to its major trade partners have been affected when its major trade partners have used these measures either against China or against other countries. We find that Chinese exports to the country that imposed an antidumping duty decreased by approximately 35 percent. At the same time, an antidumping duty used by the importing country that was directed towards other countries but not against China led to an approximate 30-percent increase in China’s exports to the policy-imposing country. These results remain robust across various specifications. Our findings have important policy implications. In particular, the magnitude of these effects highlights why it is important to curb the recent widespread use of these barriers.